Low back pain

A common occurrence among people of different ages and professions is back pain. Unlike overload in the gym, hypotension, drafts, poor posture - all this causes unpleasant, painful sensations in the lower back.

low back pain

When painkillers are enough to solve the problem and when urgent medical intervention is needed. Remember the following: If you have constant back pain, this is a good reason to consult a specialist.

Why does the lower back hurt

The causes of low back pain can be similar in men and women, or have their own characteristics related to both anatomical features and occupational activity and lifestyle.

  • Hardening of the back after sleep in the morning can be the result of poor quality bedding, as well as problems with the spine.
  • If the lower back hurts a lot, it is possible to break the nerve endings, develop a herniated disc, osteochondrosis.
  • When standing for a long time, a static load acts on the lumbar region. The lumbar muscles become hypertonic and can disrupt the innervation of nerve endings.
  • When you sit, your back hurts due to poor posture. Most people sitting at the table occupy an uncomfortable position of the body, which leads to overload of the muscle corset and damage to the nerve endings.
  • When you have low back pain and leg cramps, the symptoms may indicate damage to the nerve endings in the pelvic region. The disorder often occurs in the region of the coccyx, pain in the lower back, and then the pain is reflected in the lower extremities.
  • If you have back pain above the waist, it is most likely that the problem is with the nerve fibers in the lower back, or that the problem is with the internal organs.
  • When there is pain in the lower back, it feels like pulling, and the temperature rises, then we are talking here about progressive inflammation in the internal organs.

To determine the cause of pain in the lumbar region, you should undergo a thorough medical examination and tests for inflammatory processes, nerve endings or hernias. Measures to eliminate the disease can be taken only after the diagnosis is confirmed.

Back pain in women

The weaker sex are especially prone to back pain. The causes of low back pain in modern women can be related to both occupational activity and the presence of disease.

Post-run pain can develop when the heel blows to the ground without softening due to improperly selected shoes without high-quality shock absorbers. Wearing very high heels causes back pain after walking, which not only disturbs the balance, but also causes the woman to bend her spine strongly, creating additional tension in the lumbar region.

Pain during walking is not the result of low back pain, but may be a problem with the hip joints, which are subject to excessive friction during exercise. Anxiety at night can create an uncomfortable mattress for a girl in bed.

If the pain is felt on the right or left, closer to the periphery, it indicates a greater likelihood of disease of the internal organs. An uncomfortable coccyx can be a sign of injury or suffocation.
Whatever the reason, only a qualified specialist will prescribe adequate treatment.

Low back pain before menstruation

The causes of low back pain or lower abdominal cramps in women and girls before menstruation have a very wide etiology. This can be the result of changes in the hormonal background, as well as symptoms of a number of diseases.

  • neoplasms;
  • Consequences of infections and hypothermia;
  • incorrect installation of the intrauterine device;
  • Abnormalities at the location of the uterus or ectopic pregnancy;
  • Cysts, fibroids, endometriosis.

Given the breadth of the list, a woman with disturbing symptoms should see a doctor and determine the cause of the disorder on a regular basis.

Why do you have low back pain during menstruation?

Pain in the lower back during menstruation is often considered the norm, because there is a serious hormonal increase, a large amount of blood flows to the pelvic organs and can put increasing pressure on the nerve endings. The pain decreases as the main discharge occurs.

However, some women continue to feel unwell after menstruation. If such a manifestation is atypical, it is worth considering it as a signal of a possible pathology.

In the absence of apparent causes in the form of the development of infectious, disease and pathological processes, can it cause lower back damage? Maybe if the anatomical structure of the uterus is like this, it goes backwards. In this case, swelling during menstruation will put pressure on adjacent organs and nerve endings, which will cause pain in the lower back. Prolapse of the uterus as a result of constant weight lifting can cause a similar symptom.

If a woman has pain in the stomach and lower back, it is strongly recommended to consult a gynecologist to determine the cause of such a disease. Symptoms may include the development of polycystic ovary syndrome, inflammation of the appendages, endometriosis, and the development of infectious and sexually transmitted diseases. The cause may be a poorly installed intrauterine device or otherwise - the development of ectopic pregnancy.

Low back pain during pregnancy

A common complaint of women during pregnancy is an indication of back pain. Given that the body is experiencing an imbalance due to a major reconstruction, weight gain, and an enlarged abdomen, there may be several reasons why pregnant women experience back pain.

back pain during pregnancy

In the early stages of pregnancy, the discomfort of smoking can begin as soon as the fertilized egg attaches to the walls of the uterus. After childbirth, pregnant women are prone to diseases of the urogenital tract - cystitis and pyelonephritis, which can be manifested by pain in this area.

Why a pregnant woman may begin to feel great anxiety in the second trimester. This is due to the active growth of the fetus and the increase in the volume of the abdomen of the expectant mother - the internal organs, including the nerve endings in the pelvic region, begin to constrict. A woman may feel pain in the gluteal region or in the legs.

A woman can feel how the lower abdomen is pulled, and in the final stages, when the baby's head begins to fall, the pain flows from the lower back to the sacrum. At 21-40 weeks of pregnancy, a woman may experience back pain due to increased relaxation levels. This leads to the development of symphysiopathy - an inflammatory process in the pubic joint.

The lower back hurts and gives the leg

A common occurrence in people over the age of 35 is pain in the lower back, returning to the leg or gluteal muscle. What can be associated with such a pathology? For some people, the pain spreads to the right leg, for others the pain spreads to the left leg, although the lower back feels the same. Here we can talk about the compression of various nerve roots, because there are exits on both the right and left sides of the spine.

It will hit the hips and legs with a whole list of pain, osteochondrosis, scoliosis, herniated discs and other diseases associated with damage to spinal cord neurons.

When pinched, the lower back hurts a lot. An awkward movement can have such serious consequences that the pain syndrome will have to be eliminated with an injection. Additional pressure is applied to the nerve endings as inflammation develops immediately due to the injury.

The problem will be resolved after a course of steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and decongestants, which will allow the patient to relax and relieve muscle tension in the affected area.

Also, common causes of such radiation may be neuralgia and more serious pathologies associated with neoplasms in the lumbar region, which will put pressure or cause inflammation.

Why do men have low back pain?

In men, treatment of low back pain is often associated with negligence, as the stronger sex prefers to endure "until the back spear prevents sleep. "That's when the pain becomes the cause of chronic insomnia, the man decides to go to the doctor.

back pain in men

In the case of the stronger sex, back pain can be associated with:

  • High physical activity - professional, sports;
  • Physical inactivity, problems with the spine due to prolonged driving.
  • Problems with internal organs - kidneys or prostate.

Lower back treatment at home, especially folk remedies, will be ineffective for acute painful attacks. Given that men are prone to trigger the disease, it is sometimes necessary to prevent pain with the help of injections of strong drugs - painkillers and anti-inflammatory drugs.

Back pain after sleep

Have you ever had back pain in the morning? Such a reaction of the body is quite understandable if you were overworked the day before or violently moved the furniture after starting general cleaning. If this is the case, then you should see a doctor to make sure there are no serious consequences.

If you do not have any injuries and do not abuse sports, you will feel pain in the lower back after sleep. One of the causes of morning pain is the development of osteochondrosis. With developing pathology, the bones and parts of the spine become more sensitive to the static position of the body at night. For a patient with osteochondrosis, what will go unnoticed in a healthy person will cause some of the sharp pain after waking up.

Pain can also be caused by an abnormally bent spine in a supine position. This is due to the habit of lying down, lying on your back, stretching your legs. The lumbar region is overloaded and you can get very tense muscles until the morning.

If the morning pain is chronic, you should consult a doctor, because this condition can be a signal from the body about disorders or a reaction to stress, illness or overweight. It is very important to find the cause.

How to understand the pain in the kidneys or lower back

Low back pain can be a problem for both the spine and internal organs.

low back pain in a woman

How do you know where the signal is coming from? To determine what is hurting - the kidneys or the lower back - it is necessary to observe the localization. The spine, pinched nerve endings, and spasmodic muscles are painfully felt near the center of the back, near the axis of the spine. If the kidneys are in pain, give it to the periphery, the lower back, which is closer to the side.

At the same time, pain in the spine can be different: in the morning, after waking up, and at the end of the day in the afternoon may be more intense. Pain from internal organs is more persistent and may be accompanied by signs of inflammation - fever, vomiting.

In a simple way we define - the lower back or kidneys. If the pain is weakened by physical inactivity and disappears after rubbing with ointment, it is back. Pain from the internal organs will not weaken the local application of warming ointments and will not allow you to relax, no matter what position you are in.

The child has back pain

Low back pain in children is often caused by poor posture or poor quality workplace. The appearance of pain has no clear relationship with age: it can harm both preschool children and adolescents. Why back pain in childhood, a vertebrologist can tell after a thorough examination.

  • Muscle tension due to a heavy backpack or constant sitting at a table or computer - up to 80% of cases.
  • The development of scoliosis requires rapid intervention, because the spine of children can be deformed very quickly.
  • Injuries or bruises.
  • Diseases of the internal organs - 20% of applications.

If a child has a fever and back pain, it may be a sign of an extremely unpleasant disease called osteomyelitis. The pathological process of purulent-necrotic nature affects the bone marrow and bones.

Which doctor to consult

When you have low back pain and need to see a doctor, the patient wonders which doctor can help. Everything here will depend on the causes of the pain.

For starters, it is recommended to visit a local therapist or general practitioner. To determine the source of the problem, you need an examination, X-ray of the spine, pelvic ultrasound, general blood and urine tests.

After the examination, the therapist recommends which specialist to contact to continue treatment for the cause. Such a specialist can be recommended:

  • Neurologist - for examination of the spine, back muscles and nerves.
  • Urologist - if you have problems with the urogenital tract.
  • A gynecologist is a female specialist who can help determine the cause of pain in the female reproductive system.

Timely contact with a specialist will help to eliminate the cause of back pain in the early stages. Advanced cases can lead to serious consequences, which can result in surgery.

Exercises for back pain

When dealing with an acute pain attack, the doctor will often prescribe exercise therapy, ie exercise, after drug therapy. Effective exercises help to relieve tension from the muscle corset, strengthen it, eliminate spasms inside the fibers that can cause pain.

The rehabilitation system involves doing all the exercises slowly, without sharp turns and lungs. If you do not follow this rule, you may get additional injuries.

Stretching exercises are recommended to relieve pain. For muscle fibers, such a load allows you to get rid of hypertension, the clamps are removed. Exercise aimed at the problem muscle group or spine. Strengthens blood circulation in the problem area, strengthens microcirculation in muscle and cartilage cells, helps increase nutrition and removes rotten products.

The required set of exercises is selected by the attending physician or physiotherapist who will conduct exercise therapy classes. Then the patient's task is to maintain and strengthen the result independently by exercising at home.

How to rub the lower back with pain

When low back pain begins, the first thought that comes to mind is how to smear it. You can't hold the first creams and ointments that come with the word "painkiller". It is important to understand what is causing the pain and only then apply the appropriate medication.

  • Both NSAIDs and corticosteroids may be required if the pain is associated with osteochondrosis, compressed nerve endings, or inflammation of the nerve roots.
  • In case of hypothermia, warming ointments with an irritating effect are suitable to activate blood microcirculation in the muscles.
  • There are also homeopathic remedies and balms.

If the cause of pain is in the internal organs, it is important to remember that ointments will not help. If the pain is caused by diseases of the kidneys, organs of the female or male genitourinary system, anesthetic ointments can lubricate the clinical picture, and hot ones can lead to the intensive development of inflammation.

Therefore, in order not to aggravate your condition with unreasonable treatment, you should use folk remedies only after consulting a doctor.